Home » Philo: Man or Myth by Robb Moser
Philo: Man or Myth Robb Moser

Philo: Man or Myth

Robb Moser

Published December 21st 2013
ISBN :
Kindle Edition
22 pages
Enter the sum

 About the Book 

Philo of Alexandria, 20 BC- 50 AD, also called Philo Judaeus, was a Hellenistic or Greek Jewish philosopher who lived in Alexandria, Egypt during the Roman Empire.Philo used philosophical allegory to attempt to fuse and harmonize Greek philosophyMorePhilo of Alexandria, 20 BC- 50 AD, also called Philo Judaeus, was a Hellenistic or Greek Jewish philosopher who lived in Alexandria, Egypt during the Roman Empire.Philo used philosophical allegory to attempt to fuse and harmonize Greek philosophy with Jewish philosophy. His method followed the practices of both Jewish exegesis and Stoic philosophy. His allegorical exegesis was important for several Christian Church Fathers but he has barely any reception history within Judaism.He believed that literal interpretations of the Hebrew Bible would stifle humanitys view and perception of a God- therefore, it was too complex and marvelous to be understood in literal human terms.Some scholars hold that his concept of the Logos as Gods creative principle influenced early Christology. Other scholars- however, deny direct influence but say both Philo and Early Christianity borrow from a common source.The few biographical details known about Philo are found in his own works, especially in Legatio ad Gaium, Embassy to Gaius, and in Josephus. The only event in his life that can be decisively dated is his participation in the embassy to Rome in 40 AD. He represented the Alexandrian Jews before Roman Emperor Caligula because of civil strife between the Alexandrian Jewish and Greek communities.Philo was probably born with the name Julius Philo. Philo came from an aristocratic family which had lived in Alexandria for generations.His ancestors and family were contemporaries to the rule of the Ptolemaic dynasty and the rule of the Seleucid Empire. Although the names of his parents are unknown, Philo came from a family which was noble, honorable and wealthy. It was either his father or paternal grandfather who was granted Roman citizenship from Roman dictator Gaius Julius Caesar. Philo had two brothers Alexander the Alabarch and Lysimachus.His ancestors and family had social ties and connections to the Priesthood in Judea- Hasmonean Dynasty- Herodian Dynasty- Julio-Claudian Dynasty and Philo visited the Temple in Jerusalem at least once in his lifetime. Philo would have been a contemporary to Jesus of Nazareth and his Apostles. Philo along with his brothers received a thorough education.They were educated in the Hellenistic culture of Alexandria and Roman culture, to a degree in Ancient Egyptian culture and particularly in the traditions of Judaism, in the study of Jewish traditional literature and in Greek philosophy.Philo, through his brother Alexander, had two nephews Tiberius Julius Alexander and Marcus Julius Alexander. Marcus Julius Alexander was the first husband of the Herodian Princess Berenice. Marcus died in 43 or 44 AD.We find a brief reference to Philo by the first century Jewish historian Josephus. In Antiquities of the Jews, Josephus tells of Philos selection by the Alexandrian Jewish community as their principal representative before the Roman emperor Gaius Caligula.He says that Philo agreed to represent the Alexandrian Jews in regard to civil disorder that had developed between the Jews and the Greeks in Alexandria, Egypt. Josephus also tells us that Philo was skilled in philosophy, and that he was brother to an official called Alexander the alabarch. According to...